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【青岛翻译第617】bona fides解析

作者:青岛语桥翻译公司小编

  当指一个人的信誉或者诚意的时候(a person's honesty and sincerity of intention * good faith),其后搭配的动词为单数形式(used with a sing. verb<he went to great lengths to establish his liberal bona fides>

  当指可以证明一个人诚意、立场和名誉的信息或者凭证的时候(Information or evidence that serves to guarantee a person's good faith, standing, and reputation * authentic credentials),其后搭配的动词为复数形式(used with a pl. verb<are you satisfied with my bona fides?>

  来看一个例句:

  "My grandfather Archie was a coal miner and a hard man when he needed to be. ... But I have no true working-class bona fides. My father attended West Virginia University law school and did well. My siblings and I had tennis lessons and orthodontia." — Dwight Garner, Esquire, 10 Jan. 2017

  词源上看,bona fides是直接从拉丁语引入英语中的,其在拉丁语中为单数名词,指good faith,这一义项延续到英语之中,多用于法律语境下,指honesty or lawfulness of purpose,其后搭配的动词为单数形式:<a claimant whose bona fides is unquestionable>

  进入二十世纪,bona fides的用法开始泛化,其后可以搭配复数形式的动词了:<the informant's bona fides were ascertained>

  解析参考:韦氏在线词典 * 牛津高阶英汉双解词典 * 韦氏大学词典 * 美国传统词典 * 朗文当代英语词典

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